Wisdom Teeth Removal

What are wisdom teeth?

Wisdom teeth are the teeth that are located in the posterior or back of your mouth. There are two wisdom teeth in the top of your mouth and two in the bottom of your mouth. Some patients live their entire lives without their wisdom teeth posing an issue to their dental health, but for other patients, wisdom teeth can cause dental issues.

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Why are wisdom teeth removed?

Wisdom teeth may be removed or extracted when they cannot be cleaned properly. For some patients, the wisdom teeth and the gum tissue surrounding the wisdom teeth can be difficult to clean properly, especially if it is difficult to access the back of the mouth with a toothbrush and floss. If these areas are not cleaned regularly and adequately, gum disease (gingivitis) can develop. Left untreated, gingivitis can progress to periodontal disease (periodontitis). Periodontitis involves the breakdown of gum tissue and bone loss in the affected areas, which leads to tooth loss in the mouth.

Wisdom teeth may also be removed to create additional space for the remaining teeth during orthodontic treatment. When the teeth are moved in position, to create a straight smile, wisdom teeth may be removed when adequate space in not available in the mouth.

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Wisdom teeth removal procedure

Removal or extraction of the wisdom teeth is performed by your dentist or an oral surgeon, for complex cases. A local or general anaesthetic is given in to reduce any discomfort during the procedure. Your gum tissue may be opened if the tooth has not erupted into the mouth yet, to access it. The tooth is extracted once it can be accessed. Your dentist may cut the tooth into smaller sections to make removal easier. Once the tooth is removed, special dental stitches may be used in the affected area to promote healing; however, this is not always the case.

You will be given dental gauze to bite down on to prevent bleeding. You will also be given medication to help reduce any pain or swelling that you are likely to experience afterwards. Avoid eating solid or hard foods, alcohol, hot drinks and soda for a few days after the procedure. Your dentist will advise you with post-operative instructions to promote healing in the affected areas.

Contact us if you would like to get more information about wisdom teeth removal or if you would like to have your wisdom teeth removed.